Foot Pain Risk Factors and Causes - Foot Pain -

Risk Factors and Causes of Foot Pain
Risk factors for foot pain include the following:
Age (children and the elderly are at increased risk) Heredity (many structural foot problems are inherited) Overweight/obesity Prolonged periods of standing (especially on hard surfaces) Repetitive jumping and running (especially on hard surfaces) Wearing ill-fitting, high-heeled, or narrow shoes regularly
Certain medical conditions also increase the risk for developing foot pain. These conditions include diabetes, arthritis, and inflammatory conditions (e.g., ankylosing spondylitis, tendonitis, bursitis).

Causes for foot pain include the following:
Forefoot, including toe pain and ball of foot pain: Blisters Bone bruise Bruised, sprained or broken toe Bunions Calluses Corns Frostbite (damage to the skin and/or underlying tissue caused by extreme cold) Gout Hammertoes/claw toes Ingrown toenail Morton's neuroma

Midfoot, including foot arch pain, bottom of foot pain, top of foot pain: Abnormalities in foot structure, such as flatfeet (excessive pronation) or high arches (supination) Gait abnormalities (unusual and uncontrollable walking patterns) Plantar fasciitis (inflammation of the fibrous connective tissue on the sole of the foot) Plantar warts Soft-tissue sarcoma of the foot (cancer that originates in fat, muscle, nerve, fibrous tissue, blood vessels, or deep skin tissue of the foot; rare) Tarsal tunnel syndrome (nerve entrapment that may cause pain on the sole of the foot)

Hindfoot, including heel pain and ankle pain: Achilles tendonitisAnkle injuries (e.g., sprain, fracture) Haglund's deformity (bony growth at the back of the heel that usually occurs when shoes repeatedly aggravate tissue and underlying bone) Heel spurs (bony growths) Plantar fasciitis Sever's disease (relatively common condition in active growing children and adolescents) Stress fractures (crack in the outer shell of the bone)
Publication Review By: J. Michael Lunsford, D.P.M., Stanley J. Swierzewski, III, M.D.

Published: 31 Jan 2007

Last Modified: 08 Dec 2011